11th November 2017 The Hindu and PIB Daily Current Affairs - Videos

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  1. #PAIKA REBELLION (1817) :-

    – also called the Paika Bidroha

    -It was an armed rebellion against the British East India Company's rule in Odisha in 1817.

    – The Paikas rose in rebellion under their leader Bakshi Jagabandhu and, projecting Jagannath as the symbol of Odia unity.

    – They used to perform policing functions and owned rent-free land that was given to them for their military service to Kingdom of Khurda.

    – The rebellion quickly spread across most of Odisha before being ruthlessly put down by the company's forces.

    – The Paik rebellion had several social, economic and political reasons.

    – The Paiks were alienated by the British regime, who took over the hereditary rent-free lands granted to them after the conquest of Khurda.

    – They were also subjected to extortion and oppression at the hands of the company government and its servants.

    – Some Paik rebels fought a guerilla war till 1819 but were captured and killed.

    – Baxi Jagabandhu was finally arrested in 1825 and died in captivity in 1829.

    – At present, Paika Bidroha enjoys a cult status in Odisha but unfortunately it has received less attention at the national level.

    – It has just completed 200 years.

    #SALARIES OF SC & HC JUDGES :-

    – The salaries and other expenses of the judges & maintenance of the state HC are charged from Consolidated fund of the state.

    – The article 202 deals with the state budget.

    – Rt. Judges are entitled to a pension which is drawn from consolidated fund of India.

    – The salary of SC judges is charged on Consolidated Fund of India and it is a NONVOTABLE charge.

    – The salary can be reduced only if there is a state of financial emergency in the country.

    – President can declare a financial emergency under article 360 BUT it must be approved by parliament within 2 months.

  2. Air which has the same temperature and humidity throughout its stretch is called airmasses and is saperation by a thin convention zone called front.
    The hot air from the low pressure equitorial belt rises up and moves towards high pressure tropical area and sinks down and collides with the air coming from low pressure sub tropical area and coz of coriallis effect cyclones are formed.

  3. paika Bardoli movement is considered as first war of independence by our present government and Sri Majumdar had rightly spoken about 1857 revolt as neither 1st, nor central, nor a war of independence.

  4. Paika Rebellion
    It was one of the earliest revolt recorded in history against the british empire. It started in the state of Orissa during 1817 by a specific group called the Paiks under the leadership of Bakshi Jagabandhu. They initially served under the british army, impressed by their prowess in archery and sword fighting.
    Reasons for revolt:
    Political:
    As the colonial power no longer found the necessity of their services, they were slowly disbanded from the armed services and their initial duty of policing within the region was revoked as well.
    Economical:
    All the economical benefits received by the community were revoked , which included taxing their Jagirs issued during their services and the rent for the land cultivated.

    Such drastic changes evoked a sense of revolt within the community and led to the region wide agitation against company rule.

    Though the revolt is considered as one of the earliest fight against the colonial power it failed to make an impact on a national level, as it was confined within the state.
    The late 18th and early 19th century witnessed numerous independent struggles by despotic regional rulers against the colonial power. But none made an impact on the nation level of unification of the nation to fight company rule. Paika rebellion like the other rulers failed at national integration and recognition of the common enemy.
    As a result of their limited resource in men, arms and ammunition the revolt was short lived and dominated by the more powerful colonial power.

    Hence the paika rebellion was one of the earliest armed revolution against the company rule, away from the struggles made by other independent Indian rulers but failed to make an impact as the first national struggle for independence.

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