Average velocity vs. average speed - Videos


Average velocity vs. average speed

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  1. So, is it true that speed would just be the absolute value of the velocity? Like, if you were to integrate velocity divided by the time interval to get average velocity, would you integrate average velocity divided by the time interval to get average speed?

  2. Nice, except the unit of time is seconds, not secants. Abbreviated as s. It doesn't cause confusion with the symbol for distance because one of them is a quantity and the other is a unit. Like this: t[s], s[m].

  3. Best example is v(t)=sin(t)
    If you integrate v(t) from 0 to 2Pi and devide it by 2Pi you'll get average velocity of 0.
    If you want the average speed, you need to integrate from 0 to Pi and from Pi to 2Pi. Add the absolute values of these integrals and devide by 2Pi to get the average speed.

  4. The first part of the problem nicely illustrates the procedure for finding the average value of a function. Analytically, to find the average value of the velocity function, one integrates the velocity function to get the distance function and then plugs in the given limits of integration and then divides by the difference between these limits. This is equivalent to finding the ratio of the change of position to the change in time.

  5. You could have used the sign function, so you don't need to bother with grafics:
    ∫ |v(t)| dt = Speed
    v(t)=d/dt(S(t)) and the upper bound you can set to be just "t" and the lower the initial time, or whatever you want.
    ∫ |v(t)| dt = S(t)*sgn(v(t))
    But it was a great analysis and your videos are really awesome!

  6. this is fairly easy. The hard part would be measuring the distance an object traveled and changed directions and measuring again distance and stopping and changed directions and recording the time involved all along and then writing a position function to represent that path followed. I don't think it can be done which is why I lend little merit to 'solving' a position function which is "given".

  7. So the formula for the average speed from t=t₀ to t₁ would be:
    (∫|s‘(t)|dt for t=t₀ to t₁)/(t₁- t₀)

    s‘(t) = 3t²-12t+9
    |s‘(t)| = 3t²-12t+9 if t<1, -3t²+12t-9 if 1≤t≤3, 3t²-12t+9 if t>3
    ∫|s‘(t)|dt =
    t³-6t²+9t if t<1,
    -t³+6t²-9t-[-1³+6·1²-9·1]+[1³-6·1²+9·1] if 1≤t≤3,
    t³-6t²+9t-[3³-6·3²+9·3]+[-3³+6·3²-9·3-[-1³+6·1²-9·1]+[1³-6·1²+9·1]] if t>3
    ∫|s‘(t)|dt =
    t³-6t²+9t if t<1,
    -t³+6t²-9t-(-4)+4 if 1≤t≤3,
    t³-6t²+9t-0+[0-(-4)+4] if t>3
    ∫|s‘(t)|dt =
    t³-6t²+9t if t<1,
    -t³+6t²-9t+8 if 1≤t≤3,
    t³-6t²+9t+8 if t>3

    ∫|s‘(t)|dt for t=0 to 5 = [t³-6t²+9t+8]_t=5 – [t³-6t²+9t]_t=0 = (5³-6·5²+9·5+8) – (0³-6·0²+9·0)
    = 28 – 0 = 28

    (∫|s‘(t)|dt for t=0 to 5)/(5-0) = 28/5 = 5.6 m/s

    And for example for t=2 to 4 it would be:

    ∫|s‘(t)|dt for t=2 to 4 = [t³-6t²+9t+8]_t=4 – [-t³+6t²-9t+8]_t=2 = [4³-6·4²+9·4+8] – [-2³+6·2²-9·2+8]
    = 12 – 6 = 6

    (∫|s‘(t)|dt for t=2 to 4)/(4-2) = 6/2 = 3 m/s


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