How to crack NTPC_Asst chemist written exam within 20 -25 days held on 2nd&3rd week of July_2018. - Videos

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How to crack NTPC written exam within 20 -25 days held on 2nd&3 week of July_2018.

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  1. NTPC Ltd., formerly known as National Thermal Power Corporation Limited, is an Indian Public Sector Undertaking, engaged in the business of generation of electricity and allied activities. It is a company incorporated under the Companies Act 1956 and a "Government Company" within the meaning of the act. The headquarters of the company is situated at New Delhi. NTPC's core business is generation and sale of electricity to state-owned power distribution companies and State Electricity Boards in India. The company also undertakes consultancy and turnkey project contracts that involve engineering, project management, construction management and operation and management of power plants.

    The company has also ventured into oil and gas exploration and coal mining activities. It is the largest power company in India with an electric power generating capacity of 53,651 MW.[5] Although the company has approx. 16% of the total national capacity it contributes to over 25% of total power generation due to its focus on operating its power plants at higher efficiency levels (approx. 80.2% against the national PLF rate of 64.5%).NTPC currently produces 25 billion units of electricity per month.

    It was founded by Government of India in 1975, which now holds 64.74% of its equity shares on 30.06.2016 [6] (after divestment of its stake in 2004, 2010, 2013, 2014, 2016, & 2017)
    In May 2010, NTPC was conferred Maharatna status by the Union Government of India,one of the only four companies to be awarded this status.[7] It is ranked 400th in the Forbes Global 2000 for 2016.[8]

  2. Future Goals[edit]
    The Company has developed a long term plan to become 128000 MW company by the year 2032. NTPC Limited is on an expansion spree to meet the power requirements of the country – it has targeted to add 14,058 MW in 12th Plan (From FY13 to FY 17) of which it had already added 4,170 MW in the year 2012-13, 1835 MW in the year 2013-14 1290 MW in the year 2014-15 and 1150 MW from April 2015 to 30 November 2015.

    As on 30 November 2015, the Company has 23004 MW under construction. NTPC is diversifying its capacity mix with lots of emphasis on renewable energy. As on 30.11.2015, NTPC has 110 MW Solar PV capacity under operation, 250 MW under construction and 1260 MW under tendering. The Company intends to add 10000 MW of Solar PV capacity in next 5 years. On 18.07.2015, NTPC declared commercial its first Hydro Power plant at Koldam in the State of Himachal Pradesh. By the year 2032, Company has a long term plan to reduce its fossil fuel capacity mix to 56%.

    NTPC also plans to go global. The public sector company has signed a memorandum of agreement with the Government of Sri Lanka and Ceylon Electricity Board for setting up a 500 MW (2×250) coal-based thermal power plant in the island nation. An MoU has also been signed with Kyushu Electric Power Co. Inc., Japan, for establishing an alliance for exchange of information and experts from different areas of the business. The company is also in the process of finalising an MoU with Nigeria for setting up power plants against allocation of LNG on long-term basis for NTPC plants in India. NTPC also developing a joint-venture coal-based power plant 1,320 MW (2×660) with Bangladesh Power Development Board known as Bangladesh India Friendship Power Company in Rampal, Bangladesh which is facing tremendous opposition from the people of Bangladesh owing to the plant's dangerously close proximity to the Sundarbans. [22]

    NTPC has also been allotted coal blocks namely, Pakri Barwadih, Chatti Bariatu and Kerandari in Jharkhand, Talipalli, Chhattisgarh and Dulanga, Odisha. Except Pakri Barwadih all other blocks were cancelled by a decision of Supreme Court of India on 24 September 2014. However, the Company was again allotted cancelled block under Section 5 of Coal Mines (Special Provision Act 2015) [23] Besides these blocks, Ministry of Coal has vide its press release dated 3 July 2013 has allotted 4 more blocks namely, Banai and Bhalmuda in Chhattisgarh, Chandrabila and Kudanli Laburi in Odisha. Two more blocks namely Mandakini- II and Banhardih are expected to be allotted to NTPC soon. All these mines are having estimated Geological Reserves of 6.7 Billion Tonnes. NTPC has appointed Mining Cum Development Operator (MDO) for its Pakri Barwadih mine.

  3. Criticism[edit]
    Land acquisition in tribal areas: The company (and other PSUs in India) has been allotted land for setting up power plants and related infrastructure in rural/tribal areas across the country by Central Government and various state governments. Some of these lands have been allotted to NTPC (and other PSUs in India) through Land Acquisition Acts passed by Central/State Governments. Wherever a land acquisition law is enacted, it also places a liability on the PSUs/governments to take actions for proper rehabilitation of displaced residents of that rural/tribal area. Governments/PSUs are criticised if they do not fulfill their liability towards displaced residents. In many areas where land acquisition is proposed through land acquisition laws, local residents oppose the forcible acquisition as they are not sure of proper rehabilitation.

    Future growth: Draft National Electricity Plan, 2016 prepared by GoI states that India does not need additional coal fired power plants till 2027 with the commissioning of various coal based power plants which are presently under construction .[33] India is no more facing regular power shortages to purchase electricity at high prices offering higher profit margins to the power generating companies. With the help of assured power purchase agreements (PPA) from the state owned DisComs, earlier NTPC was able to sell its power at higher margins on the deployed capital and higher overhead costs. Moreover, its main expertise of generating power from coal fired stations is becoming obsolete in terms of technology and economics against non conventional power generation like wind, solar, etc.[34] In future, for the satisfactory growth mainly from wind and solar power projects, NTPC shall be ready to slash all its extra profit margins on capital deployed to bring down the power sale price at par with the IPPs to secure the projects in open competitive bidding.

    Government has decided to scrap the coal fired power stations which are more than 25 years old to reduce the pollution.[35] Instead of scrapping old pulverised coal fired units, NTPC should replace coal with torrefied crops waste/biomass as fuel in these units (nearly 11,000 MW) to make them profitable and productive assets without contributing to pollution.[36]

    To utilise its proven O&M expertise, NTPC may venture on major scale to implement the solar thermal storage power as they can offer clean and cheaper electricity than fossil fuel fired power generation plants

  4. Solar Photovoltaic Power Plants[edit]
    NTPC has drafted its business plan of capacity addition of about 1,000 MW through renewable resources by 2017. In this endeavour, NTPC has already commissioned 845 MW Solar PV Projects.

    Sr.No. Project State/UT Capacity
    1 Dadri Solar PV Uttar Pradesh 05 MW
    2 Portblair Solar PV Andaman & Nicobar Island 05 MW
    3 Ramagundam Solar PV Telangana 10 MW
    4 Talcher Kaniha Odisha 10 MW
    5 Faridabad Solar PV Haryana 05 MW
    6 Unchahar Solar PV Uttar Pradesh 10 MW
    7 Rajgarh Solar PV Madhya Pradesh 50 MW
    8 Singrauli Solar PV Uttar Pradesh 15 MW
    9 Ananthpuram Solar PV Andhra Pradesh 250 MW
    10 Bhadla-Solar PV Rajasthan 260 MW
    11 Mandsor-Solar PV Madhya Pradesh 250 MW
    12 Total 870 MW

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