Current Affairs with PT – 14 June 2018 – all Competitive Exams - Videos

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  2. Net asset value NAV..
    Mutual funds are fund houses which pool money from public and invest in various schemes. Whether share market, small and mid cap companies, rising companies, Government securities , gold bonds etc…
    They are famous for giving better returns than FDs and gold securities.

  3. Hahaha..sir just saw your answer on Gabbar Singh and upvoted it.
    You seem to be movie buff ,so someday through some light on great actors like Al Pacino , Client Eastwood, Jack Nicholson ..*on a lighter note .
    I hope we all your sincere students also want to know your views on these great performance and performers .

  4. session short mat kijiye sir. aap entertainment karte rehna sir. I never thought that after watching these videos I would start missing u. I eagerly wait for ur videos. Thank u sir.

  5. I am a regular viewer of your current affairs series and I appreciate the good work of your team to guide thousands of young minds.
    Dear Sir It's my humble request to you and your team to conduct each session of this series atleast for an hour. I believe that if the students would spend extra time watching and hearing you, it would be a big help for us.

  6. Q1. (9:25)What is the impact of Shale oil exploration and shale oil production of America on the complete oil price mechanism in the world?
    Q2. (9:40)What is the Invisibles head in our trade account?
    Q3. (9:58) Why do the FPIs exit India whenever federal reserve raises interest rates?
    Q4. (13:00) What do you mean by 'axis of evil'? What was its impact on North Korea?
    Q5. (13:55) How exactly does a thermo nuclear bomb operate?
    Q6. (16:45) What do we mean by NAV of a mutual fund ?
    Q7. (16:50) How do mutual funds operate?
    Q8. (20:38) What do you mean by Gaia? What exactly is its concept ?
    Q9. (21:23) What is anthropocene?
    Q10. (22:04) How many mothers did Kartikaya (Lord Shiva's son) have? What's the beautiful story behind his birth? What's the logic behind so many mothers?
    Q11. (22:47) Give a list of 5-6 speaking styles (one of them is cogent) with the meaning.
    Q12. (27:43) Why did the cash reserves of ONGC depleted suddenly in the past 12 months?
    Q13. (31:29) (in context of the particular news) Why did sir say "the more the things change, the more they remain the same." ?
    Q14. (33:51) What is liver and lungs called in Hindi ?
    Q15. (37:15) Analyse the Yemen war. (Max 100 words)

  7. Questions of the session:
    Q1. What is the impact of shale oil exploration and shell oil production on the complete oil pricing mechanism in the world[9:22]

    Ans: Shale oil exploration has resulted in the decline in the price of crude oil. as the shale oil is being seen as an alternative to the crude oil. If the crude oil's price reach up to the price of $60-$70 per barrel, the countries have the option of purchasing either shale oil or crude oil, owing to which, the crude oil generating countries are being forced to keep the per barrel price of crude oil below $60 per barrel.

    Q2. What is the invisibles head in our trade account? [9:39]

    Ans: "Invisibles" are a convenient catchall term that includes transactions in services, transfers and income.

    Services are the most familiar of these categories, including as they do the dominant items of software, management services, financial services and the like.

    Transfers represent one-sided transactions, involving no quid pro quo, such as remittances by our compatriots abroad. Another category known as "income" is defined to include both payments and receipts — payments on account of non-residents employed in India, interest payments made to those who have deposited FCNR deposits and interest charges on loans made to India, besides dividends and profit share to investors in India.

    Q3. Why do the FPI exit India whenever Federal Reserve raises rate?[9:57]

    Ans: As the Federal reserve raises its rate, a general outflow of foreign funds(FPI, here) take place from emerging markets such as like that of India , this happens as these assets are then considered to be risky assets. It can also be termed as an inverse relation, as the Federal reserve rates rise, Foreign investments in the emerging markets fall.

    Q4. What do you mean by "axis of evil"? What exactly was it's impact on North Korea?[12:59]

    Ans: The phrase axis of evil was first used by U.S. President George W. Bush in his State of the Union address on January 29, 2002, and often repeated throughout his presidency, to describe foreign governments that, during his administration, sponsored terrorism and sought weapons of mass destruction. The impact of the statement affected North Korea in a way that their nuclear program accelerated after that.

    Q5. How exactly does a thermo nuclear bomb operate?[13:54]

    Ans: Thermonuclear bomb, also called hydrogen bomb, or H-bomb, weapon whose enormous explosive power results from an uncontrolled, self-sustaining chain reaction in which isotopes of hydrogen combine under extremely high temperatures to form helium in a process known as nuclear fusion. The high temperatures that are required for the reaction are produced by the detonation of an atomic bomb.

    Q6. What do you mean by NAV of a mutual fund [16:44]

    Ans: Net asset value (NAV) represents a fund's per unit market value. This is the price at which investors buy fund units from a fund company or sell it back to the fund house. It is calculated by dividing the total value of all the assets in a portfolio, minus all its liabilities

    Q7. How do mutual funds operate? [16:50]

    Ans: A mutual fund is a collection of investments, such as stocks, bonds and other funds owned by a group of investors and managed by a professional money manager. The investment
    objective of the mutual fund determines what types of securities it buys. When you buy a mutual fund, you’re pooling your money along with other investors. You put money into a mutual fund by buying units or shares of the fund. As more people invest, the fund issues new units or shares.

    The investments in a mutual fund are managed by a portfolio manager. They manage the fund on a day-to-day basis, deciding when to buy and sell investments according to the investment objectives of the fund.

    Q8. What do you mean by GAIA. What exactly is the concept of GAIA? [20:38]

    Ans: Gaia is the name of the ancient Greek goddess of the Earth, and as a name it was recently revived to refer to the hypothesis formed by James Lovelock and Lynn Margulis, who postulate that the whole biosphere may be alive in that the Earth's life forms are themselves responsible for regulating the conditions that make life on the planet possible.
    The Gaia hypothesis, also known as Gaia theory or Gaia principle, proposes that all organisms and their inorganic surroundings on Earth are closely integrated to form a single and self-regulating complex system, maintaining the conditions for life on the planet.

    Q9. What is anthropocene?[21:21]

    Ans: The Anthropocene defines Earth's most recent geologic time period as being human-influenced, or anthropogenic, based on overwhelming global evidence that atmospheric, geologic, hydrologic, biospheric and other earth system processes are now altered by humans.The Anthropocene is distinguished as a new period either after or within the Holocene, the current epoch, which began approximately 10,000 years ago (about 8000 BC) with the end of the last glacial period.

    Q10: Why did the cash reserve of ONGC deplete suddenly in the past 12 months[27:41]

    Ans: Cash reserve of ONGC depleted due to the fact that Government of India started using its reserves to bridge its fiscal deficit, it did so by asking ONGC to pay for government's stake in HPCL(Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited ). Also after the year that ended in March 2017, ONGC was asked to to share fuel subsidies by selling oil to refiners at a discount.

    Q11. Analyze the Yemen war in 100 words max.[37:11]

    Ans: Yemen is in the grip of its most severe crisis in years, as competing forces fight for control of the country. The main fight is between forces loyal to the beleaguered President, Abdrabbuh Mansour Hadi, and those allied to Zaidi Shia rebels known as Houthis, who forced Mr Hadi to flee the capital Sanaa in February.
    Yemen’s security forces have split loyalties, with some units backing Mr Hadi, and others the Houthis and Mr Hadi’s predecessor Ali Abdullah Saleh, who has remained politically influential. Mr Hadi is also supported in the predominantly Sunni south of the country by militia known as Popular Resistance Committees and local tribesmen.

    The picture is further complicated by the emergence in late 2014 of a Yemen affiliate of the jihadist group Islamic State, which seeks to eclipse AQAP and claims it carried out a series of suicide bombings in Sanaa in March 2015.

    After rebel forces closed in on the president’s southern stronghold of Aden in late March, a coalition led by Saudi Arabia responded to a request by Mr Hadi to intervene and launched air strikes on Houthi targets. The coalition comprises five Gulf Arab states and Jordan, Egypt, Morocco, Pakistan and Sudan

  8. Sir, aapne content kam kar diya hai and advertisement bada di hai…questions bhi boht jyada puch rahe hoo…testimonials bhi…problem yeh hai ki time boht chala jata hai questions me testimonials me aur advertisment me…jiske wajah se content kam ho gaya hai…15 news ki aab 10 ho gayi hai….pehle bhi maine comment kiya but koi response nahi aaya…shayad aapne pada nahi

  9. Q 1. What the impact of shale oil production of America on existing oil prices mechanism of the world?
    A. USA's shale oil is an expensive and sophisticated technique. It becomes competitive when oil prices rises in the Global
    market. Though US doesn't export shale oil but being a huge consumer itself, shale oil substantially decreases the global of
    OPEC countries and oil prices fall.

    Q 2. What are invisible components in our Current account?
    A. SIT – services, Income (profit, interest, dividend,royalty, etc), Transfers (Remmittence, grants, gifts, )

    Q3. Why does FPIs exit india whenever FED raises interest rates?
    A As the Fed's int. rates increases difference between indian and US govt bonds return diminishes and india being emerging
    economy its currency and inflation is not stable like US. Thus it becomes less attractive for portfolio investors to invest in
    india giving lower returns at high risk.

    Q4. What do you understand by "Axis of Evil" ? What was its impact on N. Korea?
    A. Its a term used by Former USA President George W. Bush famously used in 2002 to describe inveterate adversaries of the
    United States- Iran Iraq N.Korea. Demonization of N'korea led to soured relation with US and further economic sanctions by
    UNSC isolated N'korea from west and in a way forced N. korea to develop its nuclear program to have a say in world
    geopolitics. This also brought N.korea closer to China and Pak, they helped in passing nuclear tech.

    Q5. How does a Thermonuclear bomb operate ?
    A. Thermonuclear bomb works on fission and fusion both. Fission generates large amount of heat needed for fusion materials
    like hydrogen , deuterium, tritium.

    Q6. How does mutual funds operate? what is NAV?
    A. Mutual fund is a collection of investments, stocks, bonds,other funds owned by a group of investors and managed by a
    professional money manager. Thus spreading investments in different forms reduces risk of losing capital because loss in
    one sector can be offset by gains in other sector.
    NAV, net asset value, represents the mutual fund’s (assets – liabilities) . NAV will fluctuate with changes in the market value
    of the mutual fund’s particular investments. Thus, It determines purchase, switch, redemption value of a Mutual fund.

    Q7. what is the concept of Gaia ?
    A. Gaia is the personification of Mother earth in greek mythology. An analogy of Bhudevi in our hinduism.

    Q8. what is anthropocene?
    A. anthropocene is an epoch in geological timeline of earth history. Its refers to period of last 10-12,000 years (since discovery
    of agriculture/ modern human ). Human activities in this period has led to innumerous extinction of thousands of species,
    which is unseen in earth's lifeforms history.

    Q9. why does cash reserves of ONGC depleted suddenly in the past 12 months?
    A. because (a) they were asked to share fuel subsidies by selling oil to refiners at a discount
    (b) ordered to purchase the administration’s stake in a refiner and it paid a record dividend.

    Govt has been tapping PSUs to bridge its fiscal deficit.

    Analyse the yemen crisis (100 words).

  10. Speaking syles:

    1.loquacious (overaly chatty/talkative)
    2.Sesquipedalian (using long words in conversation)
    3.prolix (who digress and uses too many words)
    4.flowery ( poetic/ fanciful)
    5.Ponderous (boring/ lacking enthusiasm)
    6.Discursive
    7.Mussitation (mumbling)
    8.Cogent (clear, logical, convincing)

    Lord kartikeya had 6 mothers, the six krittikas. I know the story of lord's birth but
    dont know its significance in relation to nature/environment, Could you please explain it sir.

  11. QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
    We would like to appreciate every student who has contributed in answering the questions asked by Sandeep Sir. Your effort is credible, and may you always be so enthusiastic.

    HOWEVER, we observe that many of the answers are reproductions of other standard sources (Quora answers / Google Books / Google reference / Wikipedia etc.). That defeats the purpose of asking questions in the session. We would want original answers (with self-worded sentences) to appear in comments thread if possible.

    Hence, from now on (today and tomorrow onwards), any answer collection that is a reproduction of other sources should be avoided. We still thank everyone for the effort put in, it is remarkable!

  12. Nhpm used it platform…………….. sir g u said it boz. Almost all educated and visionary men are in congress…… hhmmm though corruption is in all parties but atleast congress had their own plans and Projects…. not like bjp which only copies a
    Nd change names and puts up huge advertisement to justify their fake deeds….

  13. The Q/As are 1. What is the impact of Shale oil exploration and shale oil production of America on the complete oil price mechanism in the world? OPEC the power to set global oil prices and that the world oil industry won't be the same in 2018 with recent increases in U.S. shale oil and gas production, it is now clear that the changing dynamics of India-China relations will give a further boost in Shale oil production.2.What is the Invisibles head in our trade account? ‘Services’ account for the vast majority of invisible trade. 3. Why do the FPIs exit India whenever federal reserve raises interest rates? US Fed is the central bank for the US, like RBI is for India. Similar to how when RBI raises or cuts interest rates in India, it affects the interest rates of other countries.4.What do you mean by 'axis of evil'? What was its impact on North Korea? George Bush's "axis of evil" comprised Iran, Iraq, and North Korea, because the credibility of North Korea's nuclear ambitions, & coming close to war in the mid-1990s,Result-North Korea withdrawing from NPT. Q5. How exactly does a thermo nuclear bomb operate? A thermonuclear weapon is a second-generation nuclear weapon design using a secondary nuclear fusion stage consisting of implosion tamper, fusion fuel, and spark plug which is bombarded by the energy released by the detonation of a primary fission bomb within, compressing the fuel material (tritium, deuterium or lithium deuteride) and causing a fusion reaction.6.What do we mean by NAV of a mutual fund ? The Net Asset Value (NAV) of a mutual fund is the price at which units of a mutual fund are bought or sold. It is the market value of the fund after deducting its liabilities.7. How do mutual funds operate? A mutual fund pools money from a bunch of different investors in order to invest in a large group of assets. The fund sponsor raises money from the investing public, who become fund shareholders. It then invests the proceeds in securities (stocks, bonds and money market instruments) related to the fund's investment objective. 8.What do you mean by Gaia? What exactly is its concept? In Greek mythology, Gaia is the personification of the Earth and one of the Greek primordial deities. Gaia is the ancestral mother of all life: the primal Mother Earth goddess. The Gaia hypothesis also known as the Gaia theory or the Gaia principle, proposes that living organisms interact with their inorganic surroundings on Earth to form a synergistic and self-regulating, complex system that helps to maintain and perpetuate the conditions for life on the earth. 9. What is anthropocene? The Anthropocene is a proposed epoch dating from the commencement of significant human impact on the Earth's geology and ecosystems, including, but not limited to, anthropogenic climate change 10.How many mothers did Kartikaya (Lord Shiva's son) have? What's the beautiful story behind his birth? What's the logic behind so many mothers? After their marriage, Lord Shiva and Parvati lived happily at Mt. Gandhamadana. Once, while they were enjoying an intimate moment, a small quantity of Shiva's vital fluid fell on the ground. Tremendous amount of heat began emanating from it and it threatened to engulf the entire world in flames. Acting on the advice of Brahma and Vishnu, Agni went there in the guise of a mendicant and devoured the vital fluid.Parvati felt insulted. She cursed Agni saying, "From this day thou shall be omnivorous and eat unclean things. The vital fluid that you have devoured shall cause an unbearable inflammation on your body." (Note: See this story for an alternate curse for why Agni became omnivorous.)Instantly, Agni got unbearable inflammation on his body. He beseeched Lord Shiva for a way to end his agony. Lord Shiva said, "You will be relieved of this affliction when you transfer my vital fluid to the womb of a woman."Agni retired to a desolate place, waiting for a suitable woman to arrive. He beheld the six Kritikas, all shivering with cold who arrived there. He then transfered Shiva's vital fluid to their wombs. They became pregnant. When their husbands came to know of this, they cursed the six women, to be turned into stars in a constellation in the sky. Before the transformation, the Kritikas aborted their fetuses on the Himalaya mountains. The holy river Ganga carried the fetuses to a secluded place, called the Sara Vana, which was covered with reeds. After some time, Lord Kartikeya (also called Skanda) manifested from those reeds. Since he was born to six mothers, he had six heads. Since he was born in the Sara Vana, he is also known as Saravana.11.Give a list of 5-6 speaking styles (one of them is cogent) with the meaning. [1] Speaking to Inform. [2] Speaking to Persuade. [3] Speaking to Actuate. [4] Speaking to Entertain 12.Why did the cash reserves of ONGC depleted suddenly in the past 12 months? Due to ONGC buying out the government’s stake in state-owned refiner Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Ltd (HPCL) & also, the Modi government has been using it to finance the Centre’s fiscal deficit and to finance the troubled Gujarat State Petroleum Corporation (GSPC).13. (in context of the particular news) Why did sir say "the more the things change, the more they remain the same." Like it is an axiomatic truth-History repeats itself. ? 14.What is liver and lungs called in Hindi ? जिगर और फेफड़ों 15. Analyze the Yemen war. (Max 100 words). The conflict has its roots in the failure of a political transition supposed to bring stability to Yemen following an Arab Spring uprising that forced its longtime authoritarian president, Ali Abdullah Saleh, to hand over power to his deputy Abdrabbuh Mansour Hadi, in 2011. Disillusioned with the transition, many ordinary Yemenis – including Sunnis – supported the Houthis and in late 2014 and early 2015, the rebels took over Sanaa. The Houthis and security forces loyal to Mr Saleh – who is thought to have backed his erstwhile enemies in a bid to regain power – then attempted to take control of the entire country, forcing Mr Hadi to flee abroad in March 2015. Alarmed by the rise of a group believed to be backed militarily by regional Shia power Iran, Saudi Arabia and eight other mostly Sunni Arab states began an air campaign aimed at restoring Mr Hadi's government. The coalition received logistical and intelligence support from the US, UK and France.

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