Current Affairs with PT – 27 April 2018 – all Competitive Exams - Videos

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39 COMMENTS

  1. Namaste Students!
    RESULTS SHARING PAGE : https://pteducation.com/results.html
    VOLUNTEERING PAGE : http://ca.pteducation.com/p/volunteering.html
    . . .
    (1) Current Affairs with PT is your solution for all current affairs learning needs.
    (2) Visit the parent site http://CA.PTeducation.com for full list of posts, including QUIZ and PDF downloads. You will find all our posts on that site itself.
    (3) Today's post is here :
    http://ca.pteducation.com/2018/04/Current-Affairs-with-PT-All-Competitive-Exams-27-April-2018.html
    (4) All news clips here :
    http://ca.pteducation.com/p/allnews.html

    All the best – Kar ke dikhayenge :))

  2. Pranam Sir, I am currently working as a Teacher in CBSE school. Everyday I get motivated by seeing you. It's make me happy to see you enjoying while teaching. you are a real inspiration for me. I eagerly wait of your every session.

  3. how many high courts are there in India?what is the total sanctioned bench strength of the supreme court?
    what is the basic difference between an organized sector and unorganized sector?
    what is the difference between the word unorganized and disorganized?
    what is dipstick measure?
    what was the 44th amendment?what was the sardar swaran singh committee?its recommendations
    do no hold water?your argument don't cut ice. what does these mean?
    what was the total foodgrain production in India in 2017-18?what is the target for 2018-19?who is our agriculture minister?what are the real issues where our farming sector is stuck up?
    list all the countries of south america
    meaning of word mercurial .its synonyms and antonyms
    what do you mean by retrospective taxation?what do we mean by tax terrorism?

  4. Chile capital – Santiago
    South american continent countries
    Columbia, peru, ecuador, bolivia, chile, argentina, brazil, venezuala, guyana, suriname, french guyana, paraguay, uraguay

  5. Swarn singh committee recommended 8 fundamental duties for our constitution but the government added 10 fundamental duties in constitution by 42nd constitutional amendment and at present there are 11 fundamental duties present in our constitution.

  6. नमस्ते सर, आपको और आपके टीम को UPSC और कुछ ऐसे ही उच्चस्तरीय प्रतियोगी परीक्षा के तैयारी के लिए इन उच्च गुणवत्ता वाले LECTURES, CLASS ROOM SESSIONS और कुछ बेहतरीन सामग्री उपलब्ध कराने के लिए बहुत-बहुत धन्यवाद।
    एक निवेदन है कि UPSC के सिलेबस का एक गहन विश्लेषण उपलब्ध कराए ताकि हम Beginners को अपना सिलेबस पर एक अच्छा पकड़ बन जाए । वैसे मैं बहुत जल्द PT IAS Academy के Pen Drive Course लेकर अपने तैयारी को एक नई दिशा दूंगा
    बहुत- बहुत धन्यवाद।

  7. 44th संविधान संशोधन, 1978 में क्या प्रावधान हैं?

    भारत देश में संकट की स्थिति का सामना करने के लिए संविधान द्वारा राष्ट्रपति को विशेष शक्तियाँ प्रदान की गई हैं. राष्ट्रपति को ये संकटकालीन शक्तियाँ या दूसरे शब्दों में संविधान के संकटकालीन प्रावधान अब तक बहुत अधिक संशोधन-परिवर्तन के विषय रहे हैं. 1975 में लागू आपातकाल में 42nd Amendment (1976) के आधार पर संकटकालीन प्रावधानों को और अधिक कठोर बनाया गया. लेकिन आपातकाल (emergency) में संकटकालीन प्रावधानों का जिस प्रकार से दुरूपयोग (misuse) किया गया, उसमें इन प्रावधानों के विरुद्ध प्रतिक्रिया उत्पन्न होना बहुत ही आवश्यक था. इसके अतिरिक्त 1977 में सत्तारूढ़ जनता पार्टी संविधान के संकटकालीन प्रावधानों में ऐसे परिवर्तन के लिए वचनबद्ध थी, जिससे वर्तमान या भविष्य के शासक वर्ग द्वारा इन प्रावधानों का दुरूपयोग न किया जा सके. 44वें संविधान संशोधन (44th Constitutional Amendment, 1978) द्वारा इस सम्बन्ध में आवश्यक व्यवस्थाएँ (provisions) की गई हैं और इस संविधान संशोधन के बाद वर्तमान समय में संविधान के संकटकालीन प्रावधानों की स्थिति निम्न प्रकार है –

    Provisions of 44th Amendment
    352 अनुच्छेद में व्यवस्था की कि यदि राष्ट्रपति का अनुभव हो कि युद्ध, बाहरी आक्रमण या आंतरिक अशांति के कारण भारत या उसके किसी भाग की शान्ति या व्यवस्था नष्ट होने का दर है तो यथार्थ रूप में इस प्रकार की परिस्थिति उत्पन्न होने पर या इस प्रकार की परिस्थिति उत्पन्न होने की आशंका होने पर राष्ट्रपति संकटकालीन अवस्था की घोषणा कर सकता था. संसद की स्वीकृति के बिना भी यह दो माह तक लागू रहती और संसद से स्वीकृत हो जाने पर शासन इसे जब तक लागू रखना चाहता, लागू रख सकता था. 44वें संविधान संशोधन (44th Constitutional Amendment) के बाद वर्तमान समय में इस सम्बन्ध में व्यवस्था निम्न प्रकार है –

    अब इस प्रकार का आपातकाल युद्ध, बाहरी आक्रमण या सशस्त्र विद्रोह अथवा इस प्रकार की आशंका होने पर ही घोषित किया जा सकेगा. केवल आंतरिक अशांति के नाम पर आपातकाल घोषित नहीं किया जा सकता.
    राष्ट्रपति द्वारा अनुच्छेद 352 के अंतर्गत आपातकाल की घोषणा तभी की जा सकेगी, जबकि मंत्रिमंडल लिखित रूप में राष्ट्रपति को ऐसा परमार्श दे.
    घोषणा के एक माह के अन्दर संसद के विशेष बहुमत (अलग-अलग संसद के दोनों सदनों के कुल बहुमत और उपस्थिति और मतदान में भाग लेने वाले सदस्यों के दो-तिहाई बहुमत) से इसकी स्वीकृति आवश्यक होगी और इसे लागू रखने के लिए प्रति 6 माह बाद स्वीकृति आवश्यक होगी.
    लोकसभा में उपस्थित और मतदान में भाग लेने वाले सदस्यों के साधारण बहुमत से आपातकाल की घोषणा समाप्त की जा सकती है. आपातकाल पर विचार करने के लिए लोकसभा की बैठक लोकसभा के 1/10 सदस्यों की माँग पर अनिवार्य रूप से बुलाई जायेगी. राष्ट्रपति द्वारा की गई संकटकालीन घोषणा को न्यायालय में चुनौती दी जा सकती है.
    44वें संविधान संशोधन के पूर्व राज्य में राष्ट्रपति शासन की अधिकतम अवधि 3 वर्ष थी, लेकिन अब इस व्यवस्था में यह परिवर्तन किया गया है कि राज्य में राष्ट्रपति शासन के एक वर्ष की अवधि के बाद इसे और अधिक समय के लिए जारी रखने का प्रस्ताव संसद द्वारा तभी पारित किया जा सकेगा, जबकि इस प्रकार का प्रस्ताव पारित किए जाने के समय अनुच्छेद 352 के अंतर्गत संकटकाल लागू हो और चुनाव आयोग यह प्रमाणित कर दे कि वर्तमान समय में राज्य में चुनाव करवाना संभव नहीं है. किसी परिस्थिति में तीन वर्ष के बाद राष्ट्रपति शासन लागू नहीं रखा जा सकेगा.
    इंदिरा गाँधी द्वारा शक्ति का दुरूपयोग
    1975 में इंदिरा गाँधी द्वारा लागू किये गए 19 माह के आपातकाल में आपातकालीन शक्तियों का बहुत अधिक दुरूपयोग किया गया. इस स्थिति को देखकर आपातकालीन शक्तियों के दुरूपयोग पर अंकुश लगाने की आवश्यकता अनुभव की गई.

    44वें संविधान संशोधन (44th amendment) द्वारा मूल संविधान की व्यवस्था में जो परिवर्तन किये गए हैं, उनसे राष्ट्रपति, प्रधानमंत्री या मंत्रिपरिषद के तानाशाह बनने की आशंका और भी निराधार हो गयी है. इस संशोधन के द्वारा ऐसी व्यवस्थाएँ की गई हैं कि भविष्य में शासक वर्ग के द्वारा निजि स्वार्थों की रक्षा के लिए (जो इंदिरा गाँधी ने emergency के समय किया था) आपातकाल लागू नहीं किया जा सके और आवश्यक होने पर जब आपातकाल लागू किया जाए, तब भी शासक वर्ग द्वारा शक्तियों का मनमाना प्रयोग न किया जा सके.

  8. Thank you, Sir and team. A lot to learn every day! Request you to continue with the sessions to make Indians Independent thinkers.
    Hi All, Questions from the session on 27 April 2018 (please do include any more questions, if missed):
    How many high courts are there in India?
    What is the total sanctioned bench strength of the Supreme Court?
    What is the difference between organized and unorganized sector?
    What is the difference between the words ‘unorganised’ and ‘disorganised’?
    what is a ‘dipstick measure’?
    What was the Constitution 44th Amendment Act?
    What was Swaran Singh Committee and what were its recommendations?
    What is the meaning of Idioms: ‘Do not hold Water’ and ‘Do not cut eyes’?
    What was the total Food Grain Production of India in 2017-18 and what is the target for 2018-19?
    Who is the Agricultural Minister of India?
    What is the Capital of Chile?
    List all the countries of South America.
    Which month did the Privacy verdict come?
    What do we mean by ‘Retrospective Taxation’ and ‘Tax Terrorism’?

  9. सर नमस्कार🙏सर मैं उत्तराखंड के ट्राइब एरिया का छात्र हूं.मैं आपके लेक्चर बराबर और रोज सुनता हूं मुझे अत्यधिक प्रसन्नता होती है सर मुझे और उत्तराखंड के हर एक पहाड़ी युवा को इस समय आपके मार्गदर्शन की अति आवश्यकता है।सर इस समय पूरा उत्तराखंड पलायन रूपी आग से जल रहा है।सर समझ नहीं आता कि क्या करें,किस तरह पहाड़ का खाली होना अत्यधिक दुखद है मुझेअपने पहाड़ से बहुत प्यार है,और मैं इसे खोना नहीं चाहता मैंने आपको जितना समझा है ,उम्मीद कर सकता हूं कि आप मेरा मार्गदर्शन जरूर करेंगे क्या सर आप अपने विचारों से मेरा मार्गदर्शन कर सकते हैंकि कि किस प्रकार पलायन रोका जा सकता है पहाड़ से प्लीज🙏

  10. Number of HC: 24
    Total strength of SC: 31

    Organised and Unorganised sector: Organised Sector is a sector where the employment terms are fixed and regular, and the employees get assured work. Unorganised sector is one where the employment terms are not fixed and regular, as well as the enterprises, are not registered with the government

    Basic difference between the words unorganized and disorganized is that the former means 'not organised' where as the latter means something which was organised before but is not anymore.

    dipstick measure: I could not find the meaning to this… 🙁 if someone can reply please do

    44th Amendment: happened in 1978, some important parts were, removal of right to property as fundamental right, right to personal liberty cannot be taken during emergency, the word internal disturbance was replaced by armed rebellion. This happened to curb Indira Gandhi's despotic rule during 1970s

    Do not hold water: Is not reasonable
    Do not cut ice: Does not change opinion

    Foodgrain production 2017-18: 275.68 million tonnes
    2018-19 goal: 283.7 million tonnes

    Agriculture minister: Radhamohan Singh

    Chile Capital: Santiago
    All countries of S.America: https://www.google.co.in/search?rlz=1C1RLNS_enIN782IN782&ei=7z_jWuuiM4zVvAT2h4GoDg&q=All+countries+in+SOuth+america&oq=All+countries+in+SOuth+america&gs_l=psy-ab.3..0l6j0i22i30k1l4.36142.42203.0.4228

    5x: Pentuple
    6x: Hextuple
    7x: Septuple
    8x: Octuple
    9x: Nonuple
    10x: Decuple

    Supreme Court declared right to privacy as a fundamental right under art21, all citizens have right to be private subject to reasonable restrictions

    Mercurial: something which is unpredictable
    Synonym: erratic, changeable
    Antonym stable, constant
    Sentence: My girlfriend's behavior is mercurial as she undergoes a lot of mood swings.

    Wily: crafty, cunning
    Antonym: naive, credulous

    retrospective taxation: Tax which is applicable from a past date
    Tax terrorism: Exacting more tax from the public than it is due to them.

  11. Namaste sir, my name is vivek beriwal and I m from chhatisgarh I really appreciate the work of you and your team. Sir, you always talk about our own goole, YouTube Facebook. I request to you please write a letter to hon' pm Mr. Modi for construct our own Google.
    ''I hope you will do this for our country''
    I can see your love for ''bharat''
    I don't know will my words reached to you or not but I want to to tell these.
    It's my first time to write something to a celebrity or famous person..haha of course you are sir. Sorry for bad English. (aap se Sikh rha)
    hope you read my words
    Thank you respected sandeep manudhane sir😊😇

  12. Sir it was very patriotic to see that you were giving a space for our national of India on your screen, I was loving that but today I noticed that somehow it was missing..

  13. Today's Q/As are 1. How many high courts are there in India? What is the total sanctioned bench strength of the Supreme Court?
    Number of HC: 24 Total strength of SC: 31
    2. What is the difference between organized and unorganized sector? What is the difference between the words ‘unorganized’ and ‘disorganized’? Organized and Unorganized sector: Organized Sector is a sector where the employment terms are fixed and regular, and the employees get assured work. Unorganized sector is one where the employment terms are not fixed and regular, as well as the enterprises, are not registered with the government Basic difference between the words unorganized and disorganized is that the former means 'not organized' where as the latter means something which was organized before but is not anymore.
    3. What is a ‘dipstick measure’? ‘Dipstick measure’: Measuring dipsticks show the amount of liquid in a container. These containers are usually hard to access. Measuring dipsticks are used by inserting and removing the stick and then checking how much of the stick is covered by the liquid. The oil level dipstick is an example of a measuring dipstick found on most internal combustion engines.
    4. What was the Constitution 44th Amendment Act? 44th Amendment: happened in 1978, some important parts were, removal of right to property as fundamental right, right to personal liberty cannot be taken during emergency, the word internal disturbance was replaced by armed rebellion.
    5. What was Swaran Singh Committee and what were its recommendations? This happened to curb Indira Gandhi's despotic rule during 1970s. Based on its recommendations, the government incorporated several changes to the Constitution including the Preamble, through the Forty-second Amendment of the Constitution of India (passed in 1976 and came into effect on 3 January 1977).
    6. What is the meaning of Idioms: ‘Do not hold Water’ and ‘Do not cut eyes’? Do not hold water: Is not reasonable Do not cut ice: Does not change opinion
    7. What was the total Food Grain Production of India in 2017-18 and what is the target for 2018-19?
    Food grain production 2017-18: 275.68 million tonnes 2018-19 goal: 283.7 million tonnes
    8. Who is the Agricultural Minister of India? Agriculture minister: Radhamohan Singh
    9. What is the Capital of Chile? Chile Capital: Santiago
    10. List all the countries of South America: Equador,Brazil,Peru,Argentina,Paraguay,Uruguay,Surinam,Venuzuela, Columbia,Bolivia,Panama,Chile,Guyana
    11. What are the ‘pules’ for 5th,6th,7th,8th,9th & 10th ?5x: Pentuple 6x: Hextuple 7x: Septuple 8x: Octuple 9x: Nonuple 10x: Decuple
    12. Which month did the Privacy verdict come? August, 2017, Supreme Court declared right to privacy as a fundamental right under art.21, all citizens have right to be private subject to reasonable restrictions.
    13. Mercurial: something which is unpredictable Synonym: erratic, changeable Antonym stable, constant Sentence: My behavior is mercurial as I undergo a lot of mood swings. Wily: crafty, cunning Antonym: naive, credulous
    14.What do we mean by ‘Retrospective Taxation’ and ‘Tax Terrorism’?Retrospective taxation: Tax which is applicable from a past date Tax terrorism: Exacting more tax from the public than it is due to them.
    —— CORRECT ME IF I’M WRONG
    *Acknowledgment to this Forum for helping me to prepare this Q/A

  14. Unorganized – no organization at all
    Disorganized – very poorly or wrongly organised
    Dipstick – rod for measuring eg engine of a vehicle
    44th amendment- Revocation of internal emergency during PM Indira's rule by President F Ali Ahmed.

  15. Sir 12th ke bad law collage me admission ke liy jo entrance test hoti hai to kon kon si subject se question aata hai
    Aap is pe vedio bna hai to is email id per sare vedio ka link bhejdijiy ga please sir
    (savi vedio ka line only law entrance test bal sir) email id:-
    [email protected]gmail.com
    Please sir
    Sir I am ajeet Kumar from bihar

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