Excretory Products and their Elemination for NEET | Part 1 | Kidney Types & Structure - Videos

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Kidney Types & Structure:

In humans, the excretory system consists of a pair of kidneys, one pair of ureters, a urinary bladder and a urethra. Kidneys are reddish brown, bean shaped structures situated between the levels of last thoracic and third lumbar vertebra close to the dorsal inner wall of
the abdominal cavity. Each kidney of an adult human measures 10-12 cm in length, 5-7 cm in width, 2-3 cm in thickness with an average weight of 120-170 g. Towards the centre of the inner
concave surface of the kidney is a notch called hilum through which ureter, blood vessels and nerves enter. Inner to the hilum
is a broad funnel shaped space called the renal pelvis with projections called calyces. The outer layer of kidney is a tough
capsule. Inside the kidney, there are two zones, an outer cortex and an inner medulla. The medulla is divided into a few conical masses (medullary pyramids) projecting into the calyces (sing.: calyx). medullary pyramids as renal columns called Columns of Bertini

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